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Q. Who writes CultureGrams?

A. Each World Edition report undergoes an extensive peer review process. All new texts are written initially by a country native or long-term resident in coordination with a CultureGrams editor. Writers are selected on the basis of their writing, language, and observational skills; experience with different regions and socioeconomic groups; recent residency in the country; and access to current information. Our writers have included Fulbright scholars, academics, health professionals, educators, Peace Corps volunteers, and other qualified individuals. Once an acceptable draft is prepared, in-country reviewers with similar qualifications but varying backgrounds provide additional perspectives and insights before the new text is submitted to a CultureGrams editor for consensus and publication. More information on our writing process is available on our submissions pages, accessible at

Q. How often do you update CultureGrams?

A. The Online Edition of CultureGrams is now updated weekly. The reports are revised to reflect major news events and changes in government leaders. Statistics are updated twice annually, as new data becomes available. Also, at least one-fifth of the CultureGrams series is reviewed annually by independent in-country reviewers, ensuring that every report is accurate, current, and reflective of changes to the culture. There is no longer a print edition of CultureGrams, as most print users have migrated to the media- and feature-rich Online Edition.

Q. Are new countries added each year?

A. The World Edition of CultureGrams now offers texts for 208 countries and territories, well beyond the 192 offical UN member states. We now add new countries as they emerge and consider all requests for additional territories. For the Kids Edition of CultureGrams we are adding some 7 to 10 new country texts each year.

Q. Do you offer a CultureGrams report for every nation in the world?

A. Yes, we do. The World Edition has texts for 208 countries. These reports include all 192 member states of the United Nations as well as Taiwan, the West Bank & Gaza, and several foreign dependencies (American Samoa, French Polynesia, etc.). We now add new countries as they emerge and consider all requests for additional territories and dependencies. The Kids Edition includes some 100+ texts and 7 to 10 new ones are being added each year.

Q. How do I reference CultureGrams in a bibliographic citation?

A. If no specific style guide is required, then simply include all the information needed for a person to find the source.

For online database content, this information would typically include
  1. The name of the country (e.g. Indonesia)
  2. The name of the product (CultureGrams World Edition, Kids Edition, States Edition)
  3. The publisher (ProQuest)
  4. The year of publication (see copyright or publication information on product)
  5. The word "Web" and the date accessed

For an individual PDF download, citation information would typically include
  1. The name of the country (e.g. Indonesia)
  2. The name of the publication (CultureGrams World Edition, Kids Edition, States Edition)
  3. The publisher (ProQuest)
  4. The place of publication (Provo, Utah)
  5. The year of publication (see the copyright page or statement)

If MLA style is requested, here are two MLA example citations:

“"Peru." CultureGrams World Edition. ProQuest, 2012. Web. 19 August 2012.


“"France." CultureGrams 2012 World Edition. Provo, UT: ProQuest. (2012).

Q. If I am a foreign language teacher, how can I know in which countries my language is official, prominent, or spoken by a significant minority of the population?

A. Arabic: Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, West Bank and Gaza, Yemen

English: American Samoa, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Cameroon, Canada, Dominica, Fiji, The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, India, Ireland, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia, Montserrat, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Niue, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, The Philippines, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tanzania, Trinidad and Tobago, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States, U.S. Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe

French: Algeria, Belgium, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo-Brazzaville (Republic of the Congo), Congo-Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Djibouti, France, French Polynesia, Gabon, Guinea, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Monaco, Morocco, New Caledonia, Niger, Rwanda, St. Lucia, Senegal, Seychelles, Switzerland, Togo, Tunisia, Vanuatu

German: Austria, Belgium, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Namibia, Switzerland

Portuguese: Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, East Timor, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, São Tomé and Príncipe

Spanish: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Spain, Uruguay, Venezuela

Russian: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan

Q. Is there a CultureGrams logo or image that we can use to link our site to the CultureGrams Online Database?

A. Yes. Download the CultureGrams images now.